Save the Rhino International Inc

African Programs

We support programs in Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Africa. This page contains information about each of these programs and what they are doing to help conserve rhinos.

Click here for more information about all of our African Programs from our sister organisation, Save the Rhino International.

Association of Private Land Rhino Sanctuaries, Kenya


The Association of Private Land Rhino Sanctuaries (APLRS) is a members' group of private and community wildlife conservancies, based in the Laikipia District of Kenya.

The APLRS coordinates anti-poaching efforts between its members, and provides biological management of Laikipia's rhino population in order to achieve maximum growth and genetic diversity, thus contributing to the Conservation and Management Strategy for the Black Rhino in Kenya 2012-2016.

Poaching in these insecure areas has rocketed since 2009, exacerbated by excessive infiltration of ammunition from the neighbouring country of Somalia, and has intensified since the increase in global demand for rhino horn to supply the traditional Chinese medicine market.

Credit SRI

Ol Jogi Conservancy, Kenya


Ol Jogi Conservancy was established in 1980 and is one of the oldest conservancies in the Laikipia region in Kenya, with a stronghold for the Eastern black rhino subspecies. The programme has proven to be one of the most successful rhino breeding programmes in Kenya, and has contributed many rhinos to the overall national population by helping to restock areas where rhino numbers were dwindling.

Credit SRI

Borana Conservancy, Kenya


Borana Conservancy in the Laikipia District will soon be home to black rhinos, creating more habitat for the area's rhino population.

Borana, a wildlife conservancy with two vibrant high-end tourist facilities, has been identified in the Kenyan national strategy for black rhino as habitat suitable for the introduction and protection of rhino.

Anti-poaching systems have been set up based on the concept of maximising the risk for poachers and minimising the reward. The concept also relies upon keeping Borana's rhino population away from threats, as well as keeping threats away from the rhinos. Borana intends to create an intensive protection zone and has sent security officers on a rigourous ranger wildlife and security course run by the Kenya Wildlife Service.

Credit Horst Lubnow
Credit SRI

Chyulu Hills Game Scout and Rhino Program, Kenya


The Chyulu Hills National Park is a vital part of the Tsavo ecosystem, it acts as a crucial water catchment area for wildlife, livestock and neighbouring communities, and provides shelter and food for a high concentration and diversity of wildlife, including threatened species such as elephant, african wild dog, giant forest hog and black rhino.

The Chyulu Hills Game Scout and Rhino Program is run by the Big Life Foundation and the Kenya Wildlife Service. They run anti-poaching activities, resolve human-wildlife conflict, keep river systems flowing and ensure equitable share of water sources between wildlife and people, provide general security and facilitate the operation of the Predator Compensation Fund.

Credit Scott Wilkinson

Rafiki wa Faru, Mkomazi Rhino Sanctuary, Tanzania


Mkomazi is home to breeding programs for black rhino and African wild dogs, as well as being host to a wonderful education program, Rafiki wa Faru.

In 1989, the Government of Tanzania invited the George Adamson Wildlife Preservation Trust (GAWPT) to work with them to undertake a rehabilitation program for Mkomazi, including restoration of habitat and re-introduction and breeding programs for the highly endangered wild dog and black rhinoceros. The government gazetted Mkomazi, formally a Game Reserve, to National Park status in 2008.

The primary activity of the Mkomazi Rhino Sanctuary is a breeding program for the black rhino population which was translocated in from the successful population in Addo National Park, South Africa, together with ongoing monitoring and anti-poaching patrols.

Credit David Pluth

North Luangwa Conservation Program, Zambia


North Luangwa Conservation Program, run by Ed Sayer and Claire Lewis, has helped fund the re-introduction of rhino into North Luangwa National Park by keeping the Sanctuary secure through building infrastructure and providing education programs for the neighbouring communities. This program is partnered with the Frankfurt Zoological Society.

The program is primarily about ecosystem management, of which there are several components: wildlife within the park, law enforcement, and outreach to communities beyond the Park boundaries.

The Conservation Education Program, run by the North Luangwa Conservation Porogram, has provided an addition to the curriculum of local schools that is valued by teachers and pupils alike. Save the Rhino has teamed up with the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) to provide mentoring and support to Sylvester Kampamba, the Conservation Education Program Officer.

Credit SRI

Lowveld Rhino Trust, Zimbabwe


The Lowveld Rhino Trust (LRT) is a Zimbabwean-registered trust which undertakes rhino conservaiton activities in the Lowveld region of Zimbabwe, mainly in Save and Bubye Valleys.

The trust is working to save Zimbabwe's rhinos from poachers by monitoring, running annual ear-notching and dehorning operations, and also occasional emergency translocations of rhino from high-risk areas to smaller, well-protected locations. LRT also treats rhinos injured by snares and gunshot wounds, and rehabilitates injured orphaned rhino calves, as well as helping the authorities to track, apprehend and prosecute poachers.

Raoul du Toit, the Director of LRT, has worked to support rhino conservation in Zimbabwe since 1986 and won the Goldman Environmental Award (Africa) in 2011.

Credit LRT

Save the Rhino Trust, Namibia


Save the Rhino Trust (SRT), based in north west Namibia, was founded in 1982 to monitor the largest free-ranging population of black rhino that is not formally protected.

SRT has three main programs: field patrolling and monitoring, research and evaluation, and capacity building. Data for the monitoring program is collected through foot, vehicle, donkey, camel and air patrols, and contributes to the Kunene database, which is one of the longest running and most comprehensive databases in the world. SRT's research investigates how rhinos react to tourism pressure and the Trust is working on a national protocol to minimise the impact of human disturbance on rhinos. Collaboration is fundamental to SRT's success, and the program facilitates knowledge, understanding and skills sharing between its partner organisations, including local communities, tour operaters, government and the international community.

Credit SRT

Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Namibia


The Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET) was established in 1990 and is responsible for safeguarding Namibia's environmental resources. The mission of the MET is to maintain and rehabilitate essential ecological processes and life-support systems, to conserve biological diversity and to ensure that the utilization of natural resources is sustainable for the benefit of all Namibians, both present and future, as well as the international community, as provided for in the Constitution,

The vision of Namibia's Black Rhinoceros Conservation Strategy is that by 2030, the sub species D. b. bicornis is re-established in viable, healthy breeding populations throughout its former range, which is sustainable utilized. This is achieved through biological management of the current populations, range expansion, protection and law enforcement, political and public support and incentives for rhino conservation, coordination and collaboration of all stakeholders and through a policy and legislative framework.

Credit Robin Radcliffe

Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park, South Africa


Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park in the KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa, is one of Africa's oldest protected areas, proclaimed in order to protect the last few Southern white rhinos. Through dedication and hard work the number of whie rhinos increased to the extent that, in the 1960s, Operation Rhino was launched. This saw excess rhinos in iMfolozi translocated to reserves throughout Africa. As the population of white rhinos began to recover, the focus has shifted to the more endangered black rhino, but translocations from the park still continue.

The program's main activities are anti-poaching, and wildlife and habitat management. The threat of rhino poaching is now higher than it has been since the mid 1990s as a result of a significant global increase in the demand for rhino horn. Experience has shown that the best way to combat poaching is through direct anti-poaching work, coupled with sound neighbor relations and environmental education programs.

Credit HIP

uMkhuze Game Reserve, South Africa


uMkhuze Game Reserve is the less well-known little brother of Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park but, as one of the few remaining strongholds for South Africa’s indigenous black rhino population, it is well deserving of our support.

The uMkhuze Game Reserve is part of the iSimangaliso Wetland Park; a UNESCO World Heritage Site in northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. It is home to an enormous number of species – including both black and white rhinos. uMkhuze’s black rhino population is one of two original populations in KwaZulu-Natal. This makes their protection an absolute priority as they have played a vital role in the re-introduction of locally extinct populations in a number of other game reserves, including the more-famous Kruger National Park.

Credit SRI

African Rhino Specialist Group, South Africa


The continental strategic framework for rhino conservatino in Africa is provided by th World Conservatin Union (IUCN) Species Survival Commission's African Rhino Specialist Group (AfRSG) and its continental African Rhino Action Plan.

The AfRSG comprises a Chairman (Dr Mike Knight), a scientific officer (Dr Richard Emslie), representatives of most African rhino range states and a variety of rhino experts who operate as a network to address both strategic and implementation challenges for rhino conservation, ensuring that the best scientific knowledge is used as the basis for decision-making and field conservation programs.

Credit SRI

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