The Greater one-horned rhino (Rhinoceros unicornis), also known as the Indian rhino, is adapted for life alongside water. It can be found in floodplains and forests bordering rivers in India and Nepal. The species is classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN, with a population of around 3,580. Like the white rhino, the Greater one-horned rhino had been hunted almost to extinction, with the population falling as low as 200 individuals. The species’ recovery has resulted from strict protection by the Nepalese and Indian wildlife authorities.
As their name suggests, these rhinos have a single horn that can grow to 60 cm long and weigh up to 3 kg. They spend much of their time wallowing in mud, an essential activity for temperature control and to get rid of skin parasites.
Fun fact: Greater one-horned rhinos are strong swimmers and can dive to feed underwater.